Mythological genre (from Greek "mythos" - legend) - a genre of the fine art, devoted to events and heroes, about whom tell myths of the ancients. Myths, legends, stories have all nations of the world, and they are the major source of art work. The mythological genre arised in late ancient and medieval art when greco-roman myths and beliefs were no longer beliefs and became literary stories with moral and allegorical meaning. The mythological genre formed in the Renaissance, when ancient legends gave the richest subjects for paintings by Sandro Botticelli, Andrea Mantegna, Giorgione, and Raphael's frescoes. In the 17th century and early in the 19th century understanding about paintings of mythological genre significantly broaden. They designed for incarnation the high artistic ideals (Nicolas Poussin, Peter Paul Rubens), bring to life (Diego Velazquez, Pompeo Batoni, Rembrandt), and create a festive sight (FranŮois Boucher, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo).
In 19th century, mythological genre served as standard of high, perfect art (sculpture by Ivan Martos, paintings by Jacques-Louis David, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Alexander Ivanov). Along with subjects of classical mythology, Germanic, Celtic, Indian, Slavic myths became popular themes in the art in the 19th and 20th centuries.
At the beginning of the 20th century symbolism and art nouveau revived interest in the mythological genre (Gustave Moreau, Maurice Denis, Viktor Vasnetsov, Mikhail Vrubel). He got a modern reinterpretation in sculpture and graphic such artists as Aristide Maillol, Antoine Bourdelle, Sergey Konenkov, Pablo Picasso.