Fantasy in art and painting

Venus and Mars :: Sandro Botticelli

Venus and Mars by artist Sandro Botticelli  - Fantasy in art and painting
Next photo

1482-1483, National Gallery, London

Picture size 69 x 173.5 cm, tempera on wood. 

Italian art of the 15th century, Renaissance

Painting by Sandro Botticelli's "Venus and Mars". Composition has elongated horizontal shape like a painted lid of wedding chest – cassone or panels, which put in furniture; in this case, it can be a bed of newly married, since the painting pictured for the wedding of someone from Vespucci’s family. The program of work made by the humanist, it based on astrological interpretation of myths, characteristic for Neo-Platonists, according to it, planets acted in moralizing aspect: gentle and tender Venus dominates over aggressive Mars, softening its ferocity. This picture of the artist intended for wedding, and served some kind of courtly compliment to young wife of Vespucci.

In compositional scheme of “Venus and Mars”, Sandro Botticelli used a bas-relief from the same ancient sarcophagus, which served as a model for Centaur’s head in the picture “Athena Pallas and the Centaur.” The artist interpreted it into the language of unshaded painting with rhythm of outlines, surprisingly graceful in their repetitions and intersections. Color, in the painting by Sandro Botticelli, differs in elegant restraint. The central scene, which was based on a balance of peace and strength, surrounded by antic young satyrs. Muted tones sounds to it as quiet accompaniment. In the picture, it can be seen and allegory (Venus Humanitas): Venus (humanistic thought) has a beneficial effect on dissension and unrestrained elements, taming the rough nature (Mars). In addition, in accordance with the humanistic views, from the union of Venus and Mars - love and struggle – was born Harmony.

image: Public domain

Submitted by: Nikki

Return to section: Fantasy in art and painting (1-150)

Hide Comments (1)

DragonFly   User Rating: 24  October 13, 2017

The meaning of the picture "Venus and Mars" of Botticelli is that the power of love can defeat the power of a warrior. Noisy little faunas from the retinue of Bacchus, the god of wine, are depicted by Botticelli according to an ancient tradition: with goat legs, horns and tails. While painting "Venus and Mars" Botticelli was inspired by classical patterns. The picture "Venus and Mars" had a tremendous success among contemporaries, and Botticelli only once again demonstrated his unprecedented talent, [Expand]


Login / Register - Join now!

Your name: (or login via social. network below)
Enter the code you see in the image above (case sensitive). Click on the image to refresh it.



nu in mythology and poetry

nu in mythology and poetry

men's portraits 18th century
myfology painting

Romantic scenes

Romantic scenes

Oriental women

oriental women in art of paintings

Home-artlib >