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Image for "Nature Morte in the 15-16th centuries"


[i]Willem Kalf, "The still life with a jug and fruit", about 1650, Amsterdam, the State museum[/i]

At preparation of this post the same materials, as in the previous post, were used.
Image for "Nature Morte in the 15-16th centuries"


[i]Abraham Hendrix van Beyeren, "The magnificent still life", about 1655, Amsterdam, State museum[/i]

Such elegant still lifes were painted by Willem Kalf, Abraham van Beyeren, Hendrik van Strek with big skill.
Image for "Nature Morte in the 15-16th centuries"


[i]H. Saftleven. "The interior of the country hut". Fragment, 1634, Hermitage, St. Petersburg[/i]

With further strengthening of the Dutch bourgeoisie requirements to painting change. The simple, unpretentious still life gives way to the images striking with luxury of the presented things and richness of paints. Before modest "breakfasts" turn into colourful pictures in which the viewer sees the tables covered with carpet cloths with expensive objects spread out on them. Here are the Delft faience dishes, bowls of the Chinese porcelain, golden oranges, gentle-yellow peaches covered with dew grape brushes, transparent glass glasses with wine, the brilliant gilded cups reflecting light flowing from a window in the smooth surface.
Image for "Nature Morte in the 15-16th centuries"


[i]A. van Ostade and I. van Ostade. "The shed with the playing children", the Hermitage, St. Petersburg
[/i]
In Rotterdam the "kitchen" still life representing the image of internal space of the country house with pieces of the house utensils spread out on a floor was developed. Usually artists placed a figure of the person in composition it was the hostess dressed in a modest country dress. But all attention went not to her, but to things. Masters painted ware (basins, bowls, barrels, wooden tubs, pots) very carefully and with the greatest skill.

Similar works were made also by Flemish painters, in particular D. Tenirs and A. Brouva, but pictures of Dutches are quieter and contemplate. Kitchen still lifes are also in creativity of F. Reykhals working in Middelburg and Dordrecht and also in heritage of the Rotterdam artist Herman Saftleven Jr. (1609-1685). Among works of the last the picture "The interior of the country hut" is widely known (1634, the Hermitage, St. Petersburg). The master does not recede from the standard traditions in interpretation of images and allocates numerous pieces of country utensils. In how Saftleven gives lighting, Rembrandt's influence is felt.
Image for "Nature Morte in the 15-16th centuries"


[i]F. Gueisbrechts. "The still life", the Hermitage, St. Petersburg[/i]

Pictures with the image of meat hulks became a special type of a still life in art of Holland. Such works were created at the initial stage of the career by Rembrandt. In this genre also the Haarlem artists brothers Adrian (1610-1685) and Izak (1621-1649) van Ostada who painted a picture "The shed with the playing children" (the Hermitage, St. Petersburg) worked.
 
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